Top Level Domains Voyage

Domain Name Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ), Information
and Definitions

Information on types of domain names and lists of the extensions available is on the Home Page. Below, on this page is an explanation of how the Internet naming system works.

What are Domain Names
What is an Extension,
What is a Top Level Domain (TLD),
What is a Second Level Domain (SLD),
What are the Vanity Top Level Domains (new gTLD),
What is a Sub-Domain,
What is a Generic Top Level Domain (GTLD),
What is a Sponsored Top Level Domain (STLD),
What is a Country Code Top Level Domain (CCTLD)?
Where is a List of Generic and Sponsored Domains?
Where is a List of Country Code Domains?
Where is an alphabetical list of Countries with their Domains?
Where can I find really nice Domain Names for sale?

in the discussion below:

What is a DNS?
What is a Website Host?
What does HTTP mean?
What is IANA?
What is ICANN?
What are IDN?
What is an IP address?
What is an ISP?
What is a NIC?
What is a Registrar?
What is a Registry?
What is a URL?
What is Whois?

means Internet Service Provider.
An ISP provides access to the Internet. AOL and Earthlink are ISPs.

A Website Host
is a company that provides storage for a website and allows users to access the website from the Internet. There is a wide variety of hosts with various levels of price and service, a higher price does not necessarily mean better service or more features.

means Hyper Text Markup Language,
the code to tell your computer how to display a web page.

means Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
a system used to carry requests from a personal computer to a Web server and to transport Web pages back to the requesting computer.

URL or Uniform Resource Locator.
A URL specifies the exact address of a resource on the Internet, e.g. a Website, computer or a database. is a URL and that is the most common form. Other URLS include (a secure server); (file sharing); and (e-mail).

A URL consists of three parts:
---a protocol (http, https, ftp, mailto) this is often omitted, most browsers will assume you mean "http",
---a domain name (,, and
---a path or file name - the part after the slash "/" that identifies the specific page on the website. Omitting the path defaults to the home page of the website, which is always named /index.htm or /index.html.

An IP address
(sometimes called network address) is a unique number which is assigned to each server on the Internet. An IP address consists of four groups of up to three numbers each separated by periods such as 987.654.321.321
A domain name is an easy-to-remember term that is translated to the IP address.

the DNS (domain name server or nameserver)
is a database located somewhere on the Internet. When you type a URL into your browser and press "enter" or click a link to a URL on a website, your computer asks the "root server" (central databank) the locations of the DNS servers that handle the top level extension (such as .com) of the domain name. Your computer then looks through those servers until it finds the IP number connected to the domain name you asked for. This is called to resolve the name. Then it uses the IP number to find the website you requested.

IDN or 'Internationalized Domain Names'
Until recently a domain name was limited to being written in a combination of 37 characters: 26 letters (capitals are the same as small letters) 10 numbers and the hyphen. The IDN system adds the accented letters that are used in many of the countries of Europe, and the many characters that appear in languages that do not use these 37 (so called "Latin") characters at all. IDN Extensions should start becoming available in 2014 or 2015.

The system is new, older computers may not display IDN characters. IDN may be mixed with ordinary characters and the resulting domain name may look like it is in Latin characters, so be aware of this if you are offered a really good domain name at a really low price - "" may have IDN characters making it meaningless.

Vanity Top Level Domains (vTLD) (also known as new gTLDs)
are top level extensions that are expected to be released in the next years by ICANN, pretty much to any company that has the money. The intention is to flood the market with domains, most experts think few such extensions will be successful, thus they are called "vanity". Well over a thousand new extensions have been applied for, including large numbers by Google and Amazon.

are businesses or organizations that sell domain name registrations
and send the information to the appropriate Registry for entry into the domain name server database.

An Internet domain name Registry
is responsible for delegating Internet addresses such as domain names. Domain name registries operate or are responsible for the information in the DNS servers that convert domain names into IP addresses.
Registries also operate the whois for the domain names within a particular extension. DNS records include the primary and secondary name servers for each domain name, and their associated Internet Protocol (IP) addresses, along with the identity and contact information of the domain name owner.
One registry may be responsible for several extensions, the largest is Verisign which operates .COM, .NET, .CC and .TV .

means Network Information Center, the organization responsible for a specific top level domain. This is also usually the registry.

is a record, available online in most cases, of the owner of a particular domain name, and other information such as the date of original purchase. Many registries place a lot of information online in this manner and complaints about spammers gaining the e-mail addresses of domain name owners are often ignored.
A few registries make only minimal or no information publicly available or use methods to prevent bulk accessing of the data. Registrars sometimes offer a masking service that covers the actual owner of the name, often for an additional fee.

the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (, is the organization responsible for the overall functioning of the domain name system. It is ICANN that can approve new domain extensions.

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority. (
IANA is in charge of three regional organizations. These three organizations supervise the NIC's (Network Information Centers) and the registration of domain names and the routing of those names to IP addresses in their region. These organizations are:

InterNIC (Internet Network Information Center): responsible for domains in America, Africa and the Australian region.

APNIC (Asia Pacific Network Information Center) responsible for domains in Asia.

RIPE-ncc (Investigation in Internet by Europe) responsible for domains in Europe.

For Quality Domain Names for sale

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